Database is an organized collection of information.



In a relational database:

  • Data is stored in tables.
  • Each table comprises a number of columns of a particular data type such as Text, Number or Date.
  • Information is stored in the rows of tables.
  • Tables can be related to other tables using the concept of Primary Key and Foreign Key.


Whereas in Salesforce:

  • It uses objects to store data.
  • Each object comprises a number of fields which correspond to columns in a database.
  • Data is stored in records of objects which corresponds to rows in a database.
  • Objects can be related to other objects using relationship fields.



Objects in are represented in the form of a table and it is here referred as what an entity in a database.

There are 2 types of objects:

Standard Objects:

Standard Objects are included with the Salesforce by default. Example: Accounts, Leads and Opportunities.


Custom Objects:

Custom Objects are created to store information unique to an organization. Custom objects extend the functionality that standard objects provide.

Each object in has a built-in feature like user-interface, security and sharing model and much more.


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