MVC Architecture is another term for Model View Controller. In simpler terms, it is an architectural pattern or software architecture design that aims to separate an application into its three main logical components, that is, Model, View, and Controller. Each of these components is developed to further handle the specific development aspect of an application.
Let’s talk briefly about these components:
Model: It is known as the lowest level out of the 3 components. This further implies that it looks after the data and takes full responsibility for the same. Actually, it connects with the database. So, anything you do relates to the data, be it adding or retrieving it, it is all done in the model component.
View: In this component, data representation is done. It works on generating the UI, another term for User Interface, for the users. The data collected by the model component is further put to use to create views, but with the help of the last component.
Controller: This is the main component out of the three, as it acts as an intermediary between the other two components, i.e., Model and View. It processes the data that the model provides and further processes it and provides information to the view component.
Advantages of MVC Architecture
The benefits of MVC architecture are as follows:
- Faster Development Process:
While developing any specific web application, MVC architecture could be put to better use. Through this architectural pattern, one programmer could work on its view component, while the other one could work on the other component. This further makes the development process faster, unlike others.
- Ability to Provide Multiple Views:
Multiple views could be created using the MVC model. With the increasing demand for accessing the application in new ways, MVC architecture aims to provide the best solution for the same. Furthermore, code duplication is limited in it.
- Support for Asynchronous Technique:
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- The Modification does not Affect the Entire Model:
The frequent updates of any web application change the UI of the same. These updates include changes in colors, fonts, screen layouts, etc. Talking about the MVC Structure, all three components work independently. Thus, a change in any one component will not lead to a change in the entire MVC architecture.
- MVC Model Returns the Data without Formatting:
Moreover, without any type of formatting, the MVC pattern returns the data. This enables you to call either of the components or the same ones and put them to use with many interfaces. This pattern is similar to the one used in HTML codes, as they can be further put to use using other interfaces like Dream viewer.
- SEO Friendly Development Platform:
The development of SEO-friendly web applications or web pages is supported by the MVC platform. While using this platform, developing SEO-friendly URLs becomes very easy and thus, helping in the generation of more visits from a particular application.
Disadvantages of MVC Architecture
The drawbacks of MVC Architecture are as follows:
With time, the MVC architecture pattern updates with a new extent of indirection through its updates. This further builds up the complexity of the solution. Moreover, the User Interface Code increases and thus creates an issue while debugging it.
- Cost of Frequent Updates:
In the MVC pattern, the views could be overburdened with update requests, if the model keeps on going with frequent changes. Furthermore, views like graphic displays can take a longer time to make. As a result, the view component falls behind all the updates.
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- Hard to Understand the MVC Architecture:
MVC architecture is actually not that easy to learn and understand. Due to its complex structure and frequent updates, you might find it a bit tricky to keep up with all the components and the UI code for the same.
- Must have Strict Rules Over the Methods:
The third component of the MVC architecture, that is Controller, keeps an eye over the events that are triggered by the View component. Further, it aims to provide an appropriate reaction to all these events, which are mostly known as Method. These methods do not have strict access, which in turn becomes one of the major drawbacks of the MVC.
To sum up, the benefits of MVC architecture overpowers its drawbacks. It is hard to learn and understand, but certainly not impossible to learn. Furthermore, there are a number of web development companies that aim to provide MVC-based applications, which cater to all the needs of the clients.